Agriculture census

  • Govt. of India has been conducting Agriculture Census as a part of the World Agriculture Census Programme.
  • The first Agriculture census was conducted in the Agriculture year 1970-71.
  • It is conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture every 5 years.
  • The agriculture census is conducted in three phases.
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme being financed completely by the Govt. of India.
  • As per the results (provisional) of the latest Agriculture Census 2015-16, the average size of operational holdings is minimum in kerala among the states which is 0.18 and highest in Nagaland which is 5.06.
  •  the total area under farming in India declined from 159.59 million hectares in 2010–11 to 157.14 million hectares in 2015–16.
  •  At the same time, the number of operational holdings increased from 138 million in 2010–11 to 146 million in 2015–16.
  •  the average size of operational holdings in India declined from 1.15 hectares to 1.08 hectares
  • Around 86.21% of India’s cultivated and uncultivated land is under the small and marginal farmers holding.
  • Uttar Pradesh had 23.82 million (16%) farmers and tillers in 2015-16, followed by Bihar at 16.41 million and Maharashtra with 14.71 million.
  • In terms of total operated areaRajasthan comes first followed by Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.


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