Amazon forest fire

  • Amazon forest was recently in news in Aug 2019 due to fire in large area in the forest . Brazil is asked by International community to control the fire by deployment of forces.
  • Amazon forest is spread over 5.5 million sq kM.
  • It is covering nine countries namely Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.
  • Study shows that there is more threat to the largest rain forest due to other activities ( Deforestation , mining, livestock farming, and occupation etc.) than to fire.
  • Ecuador farming land increased by 27 % from 2000 to 2017 showing clearance of forest.
  • 29000 hectares of rain forest land have been destroyed due to legal and illegal gold mining.
  • Bauxite , diamond and gold mining destroyed 1,10,000 hectares of rain forest.
  • Many countries has started initiative to save the rain forest.