Atal Bhujal Yojana

  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY) is aimed at sustainable groundwater management with community participation in selected over-exploited and ground water-stressed areas in seven States (Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh).
  •  The States have been selected according to a number of criteria, including the degree of groundwater exploitation and degradation, established legal and regulatory instruments, institutional readiness, and experience in implementing initiatives related to groundwater management.
  • The World Bank has approved Atal BhujalYojana (ABHY), a Rs.6,000 Crore Central Sector Scheme, for sustainable management of groundwater resources with community participation. The funding pattern is 50:50 between the Government of India and the World Bank.
  • The scheme envisages active participation of the communities in various activities such as the formation of Water User Associations, monitoring and disseminating groundwater data, water budgeting, preparation and implementation of Gram-Panchayat wise water security plans and Information, Education & Communication (IEC) activities related to sustainable groundwater management.
  • As per the assessment of dynamic groundwater resources of the country (As on 31st March 2013) out of the total 6584 numbers of assessment units (Block/ Taluks/ Mandals/ watershed/ Firkka), 1034 units have been categorized as ‘Over-exploited’.
  • Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) has prepared draft guidelines that stipulate existing & new industries, infrastructure & mining projects, etc. to obtain ‘No Objection Certificate (NOC)’. In the draft guidelines framed by CGWA, it is proposed to levy a water conservation fee for issuance of ‘No Objection Certificate (NOC)’ for groundwater abstraction.
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