KERALA FLOOD 2018
- From 9 august 2018, severe flood in the state Kerala due to heavy rainfall during monsoon season.
- 5 million lives displaced, 5 lakhs people rescued, 1 lakhs housed damaged .
- Kerala went thru one of the worst flood havoc in the century.
RESCUE, RELIEF, REHABILITATION, REBUILDING
- State rescue forces and the central forces and army involved in the rescue operation.Control room opened and IAS were appointed as special officers in the distressed areas.
- Task of rescue operation was handed over to the state police.
- Co-ordination of rescue operation under leadership of ministers.
- Volunteer organisation, NGO and people were actively participated in the rescue operation.
- 600 boats along with 5000 fisherman saved 65000 lives. Cost of damage to the fisherman were paid by Government.
- Central forces lifted millions of people from distressed areas.
- Army, Air Force, Navy, Coast Guard,Fire fighters NDRF, BSF, CRPF and ITBF were in the forefront.
- 12000 relief camps all across Kerala, Approx 4 million people were sheltered in the government run camps. 10,000 rupees were immediate relief were given to 6 lakhs people of Kerala.
- A loan scheme for small retailers who lost every thing in the flood.
- A loan of 10 lakhs to the traders.
- Families who lost their home in the floor will get rupees loan up to 1 lakhs from bank. The Government will bear interest of the loan. Loan thru Kudumbashree scheme to ensure repayment of the loan.
- Process of overcoming the tragedy.
- Four element- 1. find necessary monetary source, 2. What kind of reconstruction required. 3. Finding raw material for reconstruction- for road & Bridges, 4. state admin help to reorganise the activities
- Livelihood should be ensured to the victims to start their lives. Agriculture collapsed, domestic animal died.Revival of airport and railway station working. Recovery of large economy loss top the state.
- Measures to provide residential and basic amenities. People from various parts of the country are working for the rehabilitation including young population of the area.
- Police, state admin and fire people are working for the rehabilitation.
- Digital survey indicate that total 13000 houses are fully damaged.
- Spread of infectious diseases are the major threat after flood. Health activists are actively involved in the recovery.
- Schemes to provide for the study material to school children.
- Protection of livestock and fodder.
REASON FOR KERALA FLOOD 2018
- Kerala has 39 major dams. Their maintenance is shared between the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) and the Water Resources Department. They had all reached their full reservoir level by July-end, and were thus incapable of containing the water flow from torrential rainfall in August. This forced the State government to open the gates of 34 major dams, thereby submerging all the major towns downstream.
- The Periyar is the longest river in Kerala and has the highest discharge potential. The major dams across this river that are maintained by the KSEB are Idukki, Lower Periyar, and Madupetty. The water from Lower Periyar, Madupetty and Mullaperiyar drains into the Idukki reservoir consisting of the Idukki dam and the Cheruthoni dam.
- A closer look at the reservoir levels reveals that the major dams in the Periyar system were filled to the brim starting August. Idamalayar dam was kept full for most of the days in the pretext of electricity generation. This caused the Periyar to overflow all through its course,
- The State government also failed miserably in coordinating with the Tamil Nadu government on the release of water from Upper Sholayar despite the State heading the joint water regulatory board.