Madhubani Painting

  • Madhubani painting, also referred to as Mithila Art (as it flourishes in the Mithila region of Bihar),
  • Characterised by line drawings filled in by bright colours and contrasts or patterns.
  • This style of painting has been traditionally done by the women of the region. Though today men are also involved to meet the demand.
  • These paintings are popular because of their tribal pattern and use of bright earthy colours.
  • These paintings are done with mineral pigments prepared by the artists. The work is done on freshly plastered or a mud wall
  • For commercial purposes, the work is now being done on paper, cloth, canvas etc. Cotton wrapped around a bamboo stick forms the brush.
  • Black colour is obtained by mixing soot with cow dung;
  • Yellow from turmeric or pollen or lime and the milk of banyan leaves;
  • Blue from indigo; Red from the kusam flower juice or red sandalwood;
  • Green from the leaves of the wood apple tree;
  • White from rice powder; orange from palasha flowers.
  • The colours are applied flat with no shading and no empty space is left.
  • Figures from nature & mythology are adapted to suit their style.
  • The themes & designs widely painted are of Hindu deities such as Krishna, Rama, Siva, Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Sun and Moon, Tulasi plant, court scenes, wedding scenes, social happenings etc.
  • Floral, animal and bird motifs, geometrical designs are used to fill up all the gaps.
  • The skill is handed down the generations, and hence the traditional designs and patterns are widely maintained.
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