National Food Security Act (NFSA)

  • Government of India enacted National Food Security Act (NFSA) in July, 2013 which gives legal entitlement to 67% of the population to receive highly subsidized foodgrains.
  • NFSA provides for coverage of upto 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population for receiving foodgrains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)
  • ¬†Identification of beneficiaries under the Act is under two categories- households covered under Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) and Priority Households (PHH).
  • While Priority Households are entitled to receive 5 kg per person per month, AAY households, which constitute the poorest of the poor, continue to receive 35 Kg of foodgrains per household per month.
  • At present, the Act is being implemented in all the States/UTs covering about 80 crore persons to get highly subsidized foodgrains.
  • The Act also has a special focus on nutritional support to women and children.
  • Pregnant women, lactating mothers and children upto 14 years of age are entitled to nutritious meals, free of cost, as per the prescribed nutritional standards.
  • In case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains or meals, the beneficiaries will receive food security allowance.
  • The Act also contains provisions for setting up of grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels.
  • The implementation of NFSA through the Public Distribution System (PDS) is a joint responsibility of the Central and State Governments/UT Administrations.
  • During the year 2018-19, the Government allocated a quantity of 612.18 lakh MT of foodgrains to the States/UTs under NFSA,Other Welfare Schemes and allocations due to natural calamities and festivals
  • ¬†During the current year i.e. 2019-20, the Government of India has so far allocated 603.95 lakh MT of foodgrains under NFSA, OWS and additional allocations.
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