NRC National Registration of Citizens

National Registration of Citizens (NRC):- It is register containing names of all the Indian citizens residing in the state Assam. The register was first prepared in 1951 after first census.

Why NRC in news recently?

Approx 40 lakhs peoples excluded from the register list. Excluded peoples are now protesting to include their names in the list.

Who is a citizen in Assam?

The Citizenship Act of 1955 was amended after the Assam Accord  for all Indian-origin people who came from Bangladesh before January 1, 1966 to be deemed as citizens. Those who came between January 1, 1966 and March 25, 1971 were eligible for citizenship after registering and living in the State for 10 years while those entering after March 25, 1971, were to be deported.

Why is March 24, 1971 the cut-off date?

There have been several waves of migration to Assam from  Bangladesh, but the biggest was in March 1971  when the Pakistan army crackdown forced many to flee to India. The Assam Accord of 1985 that ended the six-year anti-foreigners’ agitation decided upon the midnight of March 24, 1971 as the cut-off date.

Why is NRC being updated in Assam?

Officially, the NRC process will address the issue of illegal migrants, specifically from Bangladesh. The National Register of Citizens was first published in 1951 to record citizens, their houses and holdings. Updating the NRC to root out foreigners was a demand during the Assam Agitation (1979-1985)

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