Programme for Development of Indian Agriculture

Programmes run by Government for Development of Indian Agriculture:

  1. Soil Health card-Launched in 2015. It indicates level of nutrients in the soil ( total 16 nos. micro , macro, PH etc). card issued for 3 years. Sample taken two times just after rabi and Kharif crops by making 15 cm deep excavation. This card will help to suggest which type and in what quantity fertilizer is required and which types of crops will be suitable for the soil.
  2. Neem Coated Urea (NCU)– Scheme is to reduce the use of Urea, enhance availability of Nitrogen to the crops and reduce the cost of fertilizer. NCU slow down the release of fertilizer and available in effective manner. 10 % saving with NCU. All domestically produces area is NCU.
  3. Paramparagat Krishi Vikash Yojana( PKVY)– Implemented to promote organic farming. This will increase soil health and organic content of soil.
  4. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana ( PMKSY)– launched in 2015. motto ‘Haar khet ko paani’ with aim to increase cultivated area with improved irrigation. Creation of source of irrigation, rain water harvesting , micro irrigation and ‘jal Sanchay’ and ‘ Jal Sinchay’.
  5. National Agriculture Market (e-NAM):– to create ‘one nation one market’ it is the online platform with infrastructure and transparency at national level  for sale of agriculture product.  
  6. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana:launched in 2016. It is a comprehensive crop insurance scheme for pre-sowing to post -harvest losses against non-preventable natural risks. Insurance available at low premium rate at 2% for kharif , 1.5 % for rabi, 5 % for horticulture and commercial crops. Balance difference of premium will be shared by centre and state in 50 :50 ratio. The scheme is voluntary but It is compulsory for loanee farmers.
  7. Interest Subvention scheme– Government provide interest subvention of 3% on short term crop loan up to 3 lakhs. Present loan at 7 % will reduced to 4 %. It will be provided to the KCC holder
  8. Farm Loan waiver scheme-This schemes comes time to time, mainly after crops failure due to natural calamities. Certain amount of loans waives off in view of the consideration that farmers could not pay the loan due to crop failure.
  9. MSP– Minimum Support price revised by Government each year . Govt set MSP for product to ensure better financial condition of farmers in case of high produce and low demands.
  10. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana(RKVY)– Area of focus will be soil health, rainfed farming system, pest management, Horticulture, animal husbandry, Sericulture.
  11. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA):to  promoting Sustainable Agriculture through climate change adaptation measures, enhancing agriculture productivity especially in rainfed areas.