Pruning is the removal of plant part especially shoots, roots, buds to obtain better and qualitative yield. While training is the removal of plant parts to develop a proper shape of plant capable of bearing a heavy crop load.
Pruning is done in the later part of plant life when the plant starts producing fruits and flowers.
Methods of pruning:
- Thinning: Selective or complete removal of plant parts is termed as thinning.
- Ringing or girdling: A circular ring measuring about 3 cm in length is removed to hasten bearing by allowing the greater accumulation of photosynthetic products in an upward portion of the plant. It is practiced in grapes.
- Notching: A notch is made above a bud by removing a wedge shaped piece of bark. It checks the influence of hormones and encouraged growth.It is practiced in Fig.