Ramsar Convention

Ramsar Convention 

  • The convention is an intergovernmental treaty that provides the  framework for national action and international  cooperation for the conservation and wise use
    of wetlands and their resources.
  • Established by Unesco.
  • It is named after the Iranian city of Ramsar where this convention was adopted in 1971.
  • Also called Wetland Convention.
  • came into force in 1975.
  • In India, the convention came into force in 1982.
  • Every three years, representatives of the Contracting Parties meet as the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP).
  • India has 37 sites recognized as Ramsar sites.

Under the three pillars of the Convention,

  • the  Contracting Parties commit to work towards the wise use of all their wetlands;
  • designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of  International Importance and
  • ensure their effective management; cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems, and shared species.
  • It is not mandatory for any government to protect and conserve all the wetlands in the territory. Only recognized sites as Ramsar sites are under the convention.