- The convention is an intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use
of wetlands and their resources.
- Established by Unesco.
- It is named after the Iranian city of Ramsar where this convention was adopted in 1971.
- Also called Wetland Convention.
- came into force in 1975.
- In India, the convention came into force in 1982.
- Every three years, representatives of the Contracting Parties meet as the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP).
- India has 37 sites recognized as Ramsar sites.
Under the three pillars of the Convention,
- the Contracting Parties commit to work towards the wise use of all their wetlands;
- designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance and
- ensure their effective management; cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems, and shared species.
- It is not mandatory for any government to protect and conserve all the wetlands in the territory. Only recognized sites as Ramsar sites are under the convention.