Training is judicious removal of plant parts to develop a proper shape of plant capable of bearing heavy crop load.

Training methods

  • Centre leader system(not suitable for high altitude and hot arid places where wind velocity is high)
  • Open center system (not suitable for frost prone area)
  • Modified leadership system(this is most acceptable for commercial fruit production.

Training system for grape vines

  • Head system: suitable for less vigorous cultivar and it is very suitable and inexpensive.
  • Kniffin: also know as 4-cane system.
  • Telephone system: also known as 6-cane system and it is suitable for vigorous cultivar.
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